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Mulitple Intelligences

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The Seven (8) Multiple Intelligences

People who are strongly:


      Are Described As   




in words

"Word Smart"  The Writer/Speaker - The ability to use words effectively; effective use of spelling, vocabulary, and grammar. The Writer/Speaker person with strong Verbal-Linguistic intelligence will have a propensity to produce language and sensitivity to the nuances, order and rhythm of words. These students love to read, write and tell stories. They have good memories for names, places, dates and trivia. Professionals with strong VL intelligence will be writers, public speakers, teachers, and actors. Some historical examples include Abraham Lincoln, T.S. Elliot and Charlton Heston.

Examples in Everyday Life: talking, listening, reading (e.g., traffic signs, novels, poems), writing (e.g., letters, e.mail, reports, poetry)

reading, writing, telling stories, playing word games, etc.

books, tapes, writing tools paper diaries, dialogues, discussion, debate, playing word board or card games, listening to recordings, using various kinds of computer technology, and participating in conversation and discussions

Logical- Mathematical


by reasoning

"Numbers Smart" The Scientist- the ability to work well with numbers and/or to be adept at logic or reasoning. People with strong Math-Logical intelligence have the ability to reason deductively and can recognize and manipulate abstract patterns or relationships. Students who have strong problem-solving and  reasoning skills will excel in this intelligence. Adults with this intelligence will work as scientists, mathematicians, computer programmers, lawyers or accountants. Some historical examples include Albert Einstein, Nicolae Tesla, Alexander Graham Bell.

Examples in Everyday Life: balancing checkbook, understanding the national debt, understanding budgets.

experimenting, questioning, figuring out puzzles, calculating, etc.

things to explore and think about, science materials, manipulatives, trips to the planetarium and science museum, classifying and sequencing activities, playing number and logic games, and solving various kinds of puzzles 




in images and pictures

"Picture Smart"  The Builder - The intelligence of pictures and images. The ability to visualize pictures or objects in one's mind, to abstractly create in 2 or 3 dimensional form. People with Spatial intelligence have the ability to create visual-spatial representations and can transfer them mentally or concretely. Students who exhibit this intelligence need a mental or physical "picture" to understand the information being presented. Professionals in this intelligence are typically graphic artists, architects, cartographers and sculptors. Some historical examples include Frank Lloyd Wright, Pablo Picasso, and Bobby Fischer.

Examples in Everyday Life: arts & crafts, decorating your house, landscaping.

designing, drawing, visualizing, doodling, etc.

art, LEGOs, video, movies, slides, imagination games, mazes, puzzles, illustrated books, trips to art museums, graphic and plastic arts, sharpening observation skills, solving mazes and other spatial tasks, and exercises in imagery and active imagination 

Bodily- Kinesthetic


through somatic sensations

"Body Smart" The Athlete - The intelligence of the body or body parts (e.g., hands), fine-motor coordination.  People with strong Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence gravitate towards athletics; however, they also may use their bodies to solve problems, or convey ideas and emotions. Students with BK intelligence will be good at physical activities, have good hand-eye coordination and may have a tendency to move around a lot while expressing themselves. Professionals using BK intelligence will include athletes, surgeons, dancers and even inventors. Some historical examples include Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and Andre Agassi.

Examples in Everyday Life: playing sports, dancing, working under the hood of a car, unscrewing a jar of mayonnaise.

dancing, running, jumping, building, touching, gesturing, etc.

role play, drama, movement, things to build, sports and physical games, tactile experiences, hands-on learning, playing with construction materials, dancing, playing various active sports and games, participating in plays or make-believe, and using various kinds of manipulatives to solve problems or to learn 



via rhythms and melodies

"Music Smart" The Composer - The capacity to carry a tune, remember musical melodies, have a good sense of rhythm, enjoy and appreciate music.  People with strong Musical intelligence have great sensitivity to the rhythm of sounds (e.g. pitch, timbre, composition). Students strong in this intelligence will enjoy listening to music and may ultimately work as singers, songwriters, composers, or even music teachers. Some historical examples include Ludwig van Beethoven, J.S. Bach, and Mozart.

Examples in Everyday Life: sing in a choir, play a musical instrument, enjoy music.

singing, whistling, humming, tapping feet and hands, listening, etc..

sing-along time, trips to concerts, music playing at home and school, musical instruments, listening to a variety of recordings, engaging in rhythmic games and activities, and singing, dancing



by bouncing ideas off other people

"People Smart"  The Peace Maker - The ability to understand and work with people.  People with strong Interpersonal intelligence work effectively in a group and understand and recognize the goals, motivations and intentions of others. Students with this intelligence thrive in cooperative, group work situations and are skilled at communicating, mediating and negotiating. Professionals in this intelligence may be teachers, therapists, and salespeople. Some historical examples include Mohandas Gandhi, Mother Theresa and Ronald Reagan.

Examples in Everyday Life: listening to others, encouraging or understanding others, motivating others. 

leading, organizing, relating, manipulating, mediating, partying, etc.

friends, group games, social gatherings, community events, clubs, cooperative games, group projects and discussions, multicultural books and materials, and dramatic activities or role-playing, mentor or apprenticeships



deeply inside themselves

"Self Smart" The Philosopher - The intelligence of self-understanding or self-knowledge, of knowing who you are, of knowing what you are good at and what you are not good at. Those who are strong in the Intrapersonal intelligence have the ability to understand one's own emotions, goals and motivations. These students have good instincts about their strengths and abilities. This intelligence will be highly developed in professionals who work as philosophers, psychiatrists or religious leaders. Some historical examples include Eleanor Roosevelt and Sigmund Freud.

Examples in Everyday Life: reflecting on one's goals and beliefs.

setting goals, meditating, dreaming, being quiet,

secret places, time alone, self-paced projects, choices, independent projects, reading illuminating books, journal-writing, imaginative activities and games, and finding quiet places for reflection 

Naturalistic  (new)



"Nature Smart"  The Earth Lover - The ability to identify and/or a sensitivity to natural forms (e.g., birds, flowers, trees, animals, clouds, geological formations). People with strong focus in this intelligence will exhibit an affinity for all things nature. These students will enjoy and thrive when learning about nature topics, such as flora and fauna. Some professions with focus on this intelligence will include forest rangers, botanists, farmers and biologists. Some historical examples include Charles Darwin, John Muir.

Examples in Everyday Life: gardening, camping, supporting ecological causes.


exploring nature, making collections of objects, studying them, and grouping them



Abridged MI descriptions   Strategies and Products   Intelligence Survey and Student Products        

Advanced 8 MI Survey with Graph        Simple Survey           8 Learning Strengths Inventory  

 Activities Chart for 8 MIs   Online MI Survey   Online MI Survey   Online MI Survey    80 Question Online Survey